Water supply and sanitation (WSS) affect broad areas of human life. The
provision of adequate WSS services plays a crucial role in preventive
health care and is more generally a pre-requisite and indicator for
The sustainable operation and management of rural water supply infrastructure is one of the key challenges of this sub-sector.
The coverage indicators – access to safe water supply and basic
sanitation – are the single most important indicators of the WSS
Access to safe water supply
% of people with access to an improved source of drinking water within
500 meters in rural areas and 200 meters in urban areas. This access
should be reliable, affordable, and provide an adequate quantity
(minimum 20l/person/day) within reasonable time. Improved water sources
are piped water, protected wells and springs, as well as rainwater
collection. Water quality is assumed to be acceptable for improved
water sources but shall be tested for compliance with national and WHO
standards for potable water.
Access to basic sanitation
% of people with access to a private sanitation facility of one of the
following types: Flush or pour-flush to piped sewer system, septic tank
or pit latrine, ventilated improved pit latrine (VIP), pit latrine with
slab, composting toilet, or other ecosan toilet.
Providing access to at least basic water supply and sanitation services
is in the public interest and should be affordable for the entire
population. While the primary responsibility for WSS services provision
rests with local governments and the Utility.
(1) Raise rural water supply coverage by assisting the Districts to plan, design, finance and implement infrastructure projects
(2 ) Ensure sustainable functionality of rural water supply infrastructure by developing effective management structures
(3 ) Ensure safe, reliable, financially viable and affordable urban water supply services for all
(4 ) Raise household sanitation coverage to 65% by 2012 and 100% by 2020, and promote hygiene behaviour change.
(5 ) Implement improved sanitation for schools, health facilities and other public institutions and locations
(6 ) Develop safe, well-regulated and affordable off-site sanitation services fordensely populated areas
(7 ) Enhance storm water management to mitigate impacts on properties, infrastructure, human health and the environment
(8 ) Implement integrated solid waste management
(9 ) Develop the sector’s institutional and capacity building framework.
LOAN AGREEMENT FOR ELECTRICITY - ACCESS - ROLLOUT - PROGRAMME
The loan Agreement
between the Government
of Rwanda and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Bank) became effective on June, 9, 2010 for the sustainable energy
project Electricity Access Scale-up Roll-out Program (EARP).
mobile payments of bills
In a drive to give a
variety of services to its customers, Rwanda Energy, Water and
Sanitation Authority(EWSA) is set to introduce a 'Mobile Bill Payment'
Prepayment Contract Service and Bank
EWSA are now providing 2 new payment services for water use.
Those are "Prepayment Contract Service" and "Bank Payment Contract
The availability of sufficient broadband capacity at affordable rates
has been a key challenge in Rwanda’s quest to be an ICT
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